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Pompeii Italy

Most people have heard of Pompeii don't realize there were actually two cities that were destroyed by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius: Pompeii and Herculaneum. Both were completely covered by volcanic ash when Vesuvius belched volcanic ash and hot mud on Aug. 24th in the year 79 AD.

Both cities were forgotten until they were found again in the 1700s. Over time the cities became completely buried. Excavation – which is the process archaeologists use to dig up buried artifacts – has been underway for several hundred years. At Pompeii, there are still many, many areas yet to be uncovered. This photo shows some of the reclaimed ruins of Pompeii.

Pompeii was considered a large city for the time, and even more cosmopolitan than Rome, which was several days’ journey from Pompeii. Because of Pompeii’s long and varied history of ownership, foreign influences—such as the practice of Egyptian religious rites and the use of Greek architecture—are evident everywhere in the city. It held administrative control over the neighboring suburbs, and was a center for trade in crops, wine, and olive oil. When Vesuvius erupted, much of Pompeii was still recovering from the great earthquake of AD 62, and evidence of massive reconstruction efforts were found during excavations.

Mural

This painting decorated the wall of one homes that have been excavated.

Large communal kitchen with ornate marble inlays.

Communal Oven

Many of the day to day chores were done in shared and commons areas.

Ghostly Images

The most common images most people have of Pompeii and the events that occurred at the latter part of the 1st Century are the encased human figures cast in volcanic debris. The eruption happened so fast that most individuals only had time to try and cover themselves.

Ghostly Images

Bronze Statue

Central Sanctuary

Note the large Marble Alter.

Furnace

An example of the 1st Centuries version of Central Heating, a coal fired furnace.

Volcano Simulatorhttp://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/kids/fun/volcano/volcano.html

Kind of a neat little simulator.