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Vienna Austria

Parliament Building

Our field trip to Vienna. We saw a really neat Ballet. The history of Vienna has been long and varied, beginning when the Roman Empire created a military camp in the area covered by Vienna's current city centre. From that humble beginning, Vienna grew from the Roman settlement known as Vindobona to be an important trading site in the 11th century. It became the capital of the Babenberg dynasty and subsequently of the Austrian Habsburgs, under whom it became one of Europe's cultural hubs. During the 19th century as the capital of the Austrian Empire and later Austria-Hungary, it temporarily became one of Europe's biggest cities.

Since World War I, Vienna has been the capital of the Republic of Austria.

NHM Museum

Maximilian

Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico, (July 6, 1832 – June 19, 1867) was a member of Austria's Imperial Habsburg family. With the backing of Napoleon III of France and a group of Mexican conservatives, he was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico on April 10, 1864. Many Mexicans and foreign governments refused to recognize his government, and Maximilian was executed, after his capture by Mexican republicans, in Queretaro in 1867.

Crown

The Crown of the Austrian Empire (German: Österreichische Kaiserkrone or Krone des Kaisertums Österreich) was originally the personal crown of emperor Rudolf II. It is therefore also known as the Crown of Rudolf II, or the Crown of the Austrian Empire. The crown of Rudolf II was made in 1602 in Prague by some of the most outstanding goldsmiths of their time.

The crown is made out of three parts: the circlet (Kronreif), the high arch (Kronbügel), and a mitre (Mitra). It therefore follows the model of the mitral crowns, which derive their shape from the cap of bishops.

Picured here and also belonging to the Empire are a sceptre and the Imperial Orb, which was commissioned in 1612 by Rudolf's brother and successor Matthias.

Copper Dome

NHM Museum